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Metareasoning – Thinking about Thinking - MIT Press Scholarship Online
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Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Michael T. Cox and Anita Raja


The capacity to think about our own thinking may lie at the heart of what it means to be both human and intelligent. Philosophers and cognitive scientists have investigated these matters for many years. Researchers in artificial intelligence have gone further, attempting to implement actual machines that mimic, simulate, and perhaps even replicate this capacity, called metareasoning. This book offers a variety of perspectives—drawn from philosophy, cognitive psychology, and computer science—on reasoning about the reasoning process. It offers a simple model of reasoning about reason as a framew ... More

Keywords: artificial intelligence, machines, metareasoning, introspective monitoring, cognitive psychology, computer science, reasoning process, reasoning about reason, metalevel control, computational activities

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780262014809
Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013 DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael T. Cox, editor

Anita Raja, editor

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Front Matter

I Basic Themes

1 Metareasoning: An Introduction

Michael T. Cox and Anita Raja

II Metalevel Control

5 Controlling Deliberation in Coordinators

George Alexander, Anita Raja, and David Musliner

6 Goal-Directed Metacontrol for Integrated Procedure Learning

Jihie Kim, Karen Myers, Melinda Gervasio, and Yolanda Gil

III Introspective Monitoring

11 Using Introspective Reasoning to Improve CBR System Performance

Josep Lluís Arcos, Oğuz Mülâyim, David B. Leake

12 The Metacognitive Loop and Reasoning about Anomalies

Matthew D. Schmill, Michael L. Anderson, Scott Fults, Darsana Josyula, Tim Oates, Don Perlis, Hamid Shahri, Shomir Wilson, and Dean Wright

IV Distributed Metareasoning

13 Coordinating Agents’ Metalevel Control

Anita Raja, George Alexander, Victor R. Lesser, and Michael Krainin

14 The Role of Metareasoning in Achieving Effective Multiagent Coordination

Zachary B. Rubinstein, Stephen F. Smith, and Terry L. Zimmerman

16 Weighted Prediction Divergence for Metareasoning

Brett J. Borghetti and Maria Gini

V Models of Self

18 Robotic Models of Self

Justin Hart and Brian Scassellati

19 Anthropomorphic Self-Models for Metareasoning Agents

Andrew S. Gordon, Jerry R. Hobbs, and Michael T. Cox

End Matter