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Transformations of LamarckismFrom Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology$
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Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262015141

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.001.0001

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The Modern Synthesis: Discussion

The Modern Synthesis: Discussion

(p.133) 14 The Modern Synthesis: Discussion
Transformations of Lamarckism

Eva Jablonka

The MIT Press

This chapter discusses important issues concerning the Modern Synthesis. First, it describes the neglected ideas and overlooked theories of Cyril Darlington. It then discusses the decline of the plasmon and several plasmagene theories developed by geneticists after the Second World War. The chapter also examines the role of institutional and political factors in biological research in the United States. Finally, the chapter discusses some of the experimental studies that supported the Modern Synthesis view. These include the Luria-Delbrück experiments on bacterial mutations, H.B.D. Kettlewell's studies of melanism in the peppered moth, and Scott Gilbert's work on hemoglobin and sickle-cell anemia.

Keywords:   Modern Synthesis, Cyril Darlington, plasmon, plasmagene theories, bacterial mutations, H.B.D. Kettlewell, melanism, Scott Gilbert, hemoglobin, sickle-cell anemia, Luria-Delbrück

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