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Transformations of LamarckismFrom Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology$
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Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262015141

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.001.0001

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Lamarckism and the Constitution of Sociology

Lamarckism and the Constitution of Sociology

(p.89) 9 Lamarckism and the Constitution of Sociology
Transformations of Lamarckism

Snait B. Gissis

The MIT Press

This chapter examines sociology as an emerging discipline in Great Britain and France between the 1850s and the 1890s. It considers the transfer of models, metaphors, and analogies from evolutionary biology and argues that sociology emerged in continued interaction with this biology. It also analyzes interactions of social thought and Lamarckian evolutionary theories. The chapter focuses on the work of two social theorists who were influential internationally and in their respective countries, Great Britain and France—Herbert Spencer (1820–1903) and Émile Durkheim (1858–1917).

Keywords:   sociology, Great Britain, France, models, metaphors, analogies, evolutionary biology, social thought, evolutionary theories, Herbert Spencer, Émile Durkheim

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