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Cerebral PlasticityNew Perspectives$
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Leo M. Chalupa, Nicoletta Berardi, Matteo Caleo, Lucia Galli-Resta, and Tommaso Pizzorusso

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262015233

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.001.0001

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(p.1) 1 Introduction
Cerebral Plasticity

Nicoletta Berardi

Matteo Caleo

Lucia Galli-Resta

Tommaso Pizzorusso

The MIT Press

Lamberto Maffei has been a scientific explorer of new trails in uncharted territories. In his early work, Lamberto explored the functions of the mammalian visual system. He moved on to an investigation of the development and plasticity of the brain. In addition, he analyzed the role of environmental enrichment in visual development and in visual cortical plasticity in adults. He demonstrated that living in an enriched environment can potentiate visual cortical plasticity in adult rats to the point of allowing complete recovery from amblyopia, acting on the balance between cortical excitation and inhibition.

Keywords:   Lamberto Maffei, mammalian visual system, brain, environmental enrichment, visual development, visual cortical plasticity, amblyopia, cortical excitation

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