This chapter focuses on the similarities between central neural processes and cognition, and discusses perceptual topics that include object recognition, face recognition, illusions, change blindness, and mirror neurons. It states that the theories and interpretations of perceptual phenomena are focused on central brain mechanisms, and that the experimental emphasis in perceptual research is on the measurement of the discrepancies between the stimuli and the experience. The chapter emphasizes that due to the complexity of encoding perceptual phenomena, the findings of different perceptual neuroscience experiments are confusing, contradictory, and inconsistent. It concludes that due to controversial and inconsistent research findings in the field of perceptual processes, such as face or form recognition and variability in clinical evidence, the available research tools and methods are not able to explain this cognitive process.
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