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Mind and BrainA Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience$
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William R. Uttal

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262015967

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262015967.001.0001

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Consciousness and Other High-Level Cognitive Processes

Consciousness and Other High-Level Cognitive Processes

(p.267) 7 Consciousness and Other High-Level Cognitive Processes
Mind and Brain

William R. Uttal

The MIT Press

This chapter presents the results of studies regarding determining the existence of consciousness and other high-level cognitive processes. No concrete neurophysiological measures can be used to accept or reject the existence of consciousness. Brain imaging of consciousness results lack consistency and have a high degree of variability, which makes it difficult to analyze the brain regions that are activated during the process. The difference between the brain imaging and electroencephalographic studies on consciousness also provides evidence that consciousness is likely to be an inference based on indirect behavioral responses. Lack of known biomarkers to measure intelligence is also discussed along with the use of brain imaging techniques used to search for a marker of intelligence. The chapter presents discussions related to the use of EEGs or ERPs for measuring intelligence.

Keywords:   consciousness, neurophysiological measures, brain imaging, electroencephalographic studies, indirect behavioral responses, intelligence, biomarkers

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