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Mind and BrainA Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience$
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William R. Uttal

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262015967

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262015967.001.0001

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Conclusions and a New Brain Metaphor

Conclusions and a New Brain Metaphor

Chapter:
(p.363) 9 Conclusions and a New Brain Metaphor
Source:
Mind and Brain
Author(s):

William R. Uttal

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262015967.003.0009

This chapter discusses the inability of brain imaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to search for brain correlates of cognitive activity. Empirical observations reveal inconsistencies in the cognitive neuroscience research papers along with inconsistencies in the brain imaging meta-studies. A high degree of variability is also exhibited by traditional experimental brain lesioning and stimulation techniques. The chapter discusses problems with cognitive neuroscientific research, including a poor definition of cognitive processes, lack of empirical results backing the research, and imaging experiments conducted on macroscopic levels by investigators rather than on microscopic levels. General principles on which macroscopic organization of the brain is based, including distribution of activated areas in brain, interconnections among brain regions, and polyfunctionality of the brain, are presented.

Keywords:   fMRI, cognitive neuroscience, brain imaging, brain lesioning, cognitive processes

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