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Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions – Envisioning Health Care 2020 - MIT Press Scholarship Online
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Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Gerd Gigerenzer and J.A. Muir Gray


Contrary to popular opinion, one of the main problems in providing uniformly excellent health care is not lack of money but lack of knowledge—on the part of both doctors and patients. The studies in this book show that many doctors and most patients do not understand the available medical evidence. Both patients and doctors are “risk illiterate”—frequently unable to tell the difference between actual risk and relative risk. Further, unwarranted disparity in treatment decisions is the rule rather than the exception in the United States and Europe. All of this contributes to much wasted spending ... More

Keywords: Strüngmann Forum Reports, health care, risk literacy, statistical literacy, patient safety, medical reporting, treatment decisions, decision making

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780262016032
Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016 DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Gerd Gigerenzer, editor
Max Planck Institute

J.A. Muir Gray, editor

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Health Literacy: Is the Patient the Problem?

1 Launching the Century of the Patient

Gerd Gigerenzer and J. A. Muir Gray

Health Illiteracy: Roots in Research

6 Reporting of Research

Holger Schünemann, Davina Ghersi, Julia Kreis, Gerd Antes, and Jean Bousquet

8 What Is Needed for Better Health Care: Better Systems, Better Patients or Both?

Markus A. Feufel, Gerd Antes, Johann Steurer, Gerd Gigerenzer, J. A. Muir Gray, Marjukka Mäkelä, Albert G. Mulley, Jr., David E. Nelson, Jay Schulkin, Holger Schünemann, John E. Wennberg, and Claudia Wild

Health Illiteracy: Spread to the Public

9 Statistical Illiteracy in Doctors

Odette Wegwarth and Gerd Gigerenzer

12 Barriers to Health Information and Building Solutions

Talya Miron-Shatz, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Bruce Bower, Michael Diefenbach, Ben Goldacre, Richard S. W. Smith, David Spiegelhalter, and Odette Wegwarth

Health Care 2020

13 How Can Better Evidence Be Delivered?

Norbert Donner-Banzhoff, Hilda Bastian, Angela Coulter, Glyn Elwyn, Günther Jonitz, David Klemperer, and Wolf-Dieter Ludwig

14 The Drug Facts Box

Lisa M. Schwartz and Steven Woloshin

18 Direct-to-Consumer Advertising

Wolf-Dieter Ludwig and Gisela Schott

19 How Will Health Care Professionals and Patients Work Together in 2020?

Ralph Hertwig, Heather Buchan, David A. Davis, Wolfgang Gaissmaier, Martin Härter, Kai Kolpatzik, France Légaré, Norbert Schmacke, and Holger Wormer