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Neither Physics nor ChemistryA History of Quantum Chemistry$
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Kostas Gavroglu and Ana Simões

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016186

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016186.001.0001

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Quantum Chemistry qua Chemistry: Rules and More Rules

Quantum Chemistry qua Chemistry: Rules and More Rules

(p.39) 2 Quantum Chemistry qua Chemistry: Rules and More Rules
Neither Physics nor Chemistry

Kostas Gavroglu

Ana Simões

The MIT Press

After Walter Heitler and Fritz London wrote their papers as well as tFriedrich Hund, a new approach emerged that was almost universally accepted in the field of chemistry. The leading figures in this approach were Robert Sanderson Mulliken at the University of Chicago’s Department of Physics and Linus Pauling at the California Institute of Technology’s Department of Chemistry. Pauling made the most out of Gilbert Newton Lewis’s notion of shared electron bonds, first in the framework of old quantum theory and then in the context of quantum mechanics. This chapter explores Mulliken’s work on molecules and molecular orbitals, Pauling’s views about the nature of chemical bonds and chemical valence based on the work of Lewis, Lewis’s research on electron pairing, Nevil Vincent Sidgwick’s contributions to quantum chemistry through his popularization of resonance theory and George W. Wheland’s extension of the theory, and John Clarke Slater’s attempt to bring physics and chemistry together.

Keywords:   Robert Sanderson Mulliken, Linus Pauling, molecular orbitals, Nevil Vincent Sidgwick, chemical valence, chemical bonds, Gilbert Newton Lewis, resonance theory, quantum chemistry, chemistry

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