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Bilingual Competence and Bilingual Proficiency in Child Development$
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Norbert Francis

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016391

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016391.001.0001

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Bilingualism in School

Bilingualism in School

(p.25) 2 Bilingualism in School
Bilingual Competence and Bilingual Proficiency in Child Development

Norbert Francis

The MIT Press

This chapter examines bilingualism and second language (L2) learning in multilingual and multicultural educational institutions. It looks at child language development in bilingual and multilingual contexts in relation to the debate over language policy and considers how the concept of diglossia might be applied to language teaching to meet the challenges of linguistic diversity. It also discusses bilingualism in relation to diglossia and literacy and presents a functional analysis of the different domains and subsystems of language proficiency. The chapter describes South Africa’s experiment in multilingual education and compares it with the experiences of the North African countries of Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco before concluding with a discussion of program design based on a concept from sociolinguistics.

Keywords:   bilingualism, second language, language learning, South Africa, diglossia, sociolinguistics, literacy, language proficiency, language policy, multilingual education

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