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Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control$
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Rogier B. Mars, Jerome Sallet, Matthew F. S. Rushworth, and Nick Yeung

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016438

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.001.0001

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Neural Correlates of Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning

Neural Correlates of Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning

(p.284) (p.285) 16 Neural Correlates of Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning
Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

José J. F. Ribas-Fernandes

Yael Niv

Matthew M. Botvinick

The MIT Press

This chapter discusses the relevance of reinforcement learning (RL) to its hierarchical structure. It first reviews the fundamentals of RL, with a focus on temporal-difference learning in actor-critic models. Next, it discusses the scaling problem and the computational issues that stimulated the development of hierarchical reinforcement learning (HRL). The potential neuroscientific correlates of HRL are also described. The chapter also presents the results of some initial empirical tests and ends with directions for further research.

Keywords:   reinforcement learning, RL, hierarchical reinforcement learning, HRL, temporal-difference learning, actor-critic models

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