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Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control$
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Rogier B. Mars, Jerome Sallet, Matthew F. S. Rushworth, and Nick Yeung

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016438

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.001.0001

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Top-Down Control over the Motor Cortex

Top-Down Control over the Motor Cortex

(p.110) (p.111) 7 Top-Down Control over the Motor Cortex
Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Rogier B. Mars

Franz-Xaver Neubert

Matthew F. S. Rushworth

The MIT Press

This chapter reviews recent evidence of top-down control over the motor cortex during action selection under conflict and action inhibition and describes the role of the pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA) and right inferior frontal gyrus (rIFG) in mediating this control. It focuses on the insights gained from transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of action reprogramming. The chapter also looks at the interactions within the frontal lobe and discusses how they influence top-down control.

Keywords:   top-down control, motor cortex, action selection, action inhibition, pre-supplementary motor area, right interior frontal gyrus, rIFG, transcranial magnetic stimulation, TMS, frontal lobe

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