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Instituting NatureAuthority, Expertise, and Power in Mexican Forests$
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Andrew S. Mathews

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016520

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016520.001.0001

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The Sierra Juárez of Oaxaca: Mobile Landscapes, Political Economy, and the Fires of War

The Sierra Juárez of Oaxaca: Mobile Landscapes, Political Economy, and the Fires of War

Chapter:
(p.61) 3 The Sierra Juárez of Oaxaca: Mobile Landscapes, Political Economy, and the Fires of War
Source:
Instituting Nature
Author(s):

Andrew S. Mathews

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262016520.003.0003

This chapter focuses on the effects of the political economy on Sierra Juárez landscapes, forests, and indigenous political institutions. It describes the area’s vegetation, climate regimes, and cultivation along with the impact of the Spanish conquest on the area’s trade networks, forests, and human settlements. The effect of the cochineal boom in the eighteenth century on Sierra Juárez’s indigenous communities is presented along with the impact of silver and gold mining in the nineteenth century throughout Oaxaca. The survey discusses the reasons for the pastoral fires and grazing in Sierra Juárez, including accessibility to mining centers by eliminating forests and encouraging grasslands. The chapter concludes that all forms of fires have been opposed by the forest officials and efforts have been made to stop any kind of forest fires in the region.

Keywords:   cochineal boom, mining, pastoral fires, indigenous political institutions, Sierra Juárez

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