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The Consciousness ParadoxConsciousness, Concepts, and Higher-Order Thoughts$
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Rocco J. Gennaro

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016605

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016605.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Into the Brain

Into the Brain

(p.269) 9 Into the Brain
The Consciousness Paradox

Rocco J. Gennaro

The MIT Press

The final chapter focuses on defending the HOT-Brain Thesis that states that there is a plausible account of how the version of the HOT theory discussed in this book might be realized in the brain and lead to an informative neurophysiological research agenda. Some basics on brain structure and function are discussed, together with some leading empirical theories of consciousness and the problem of finding the so-called neural correlates of consciousness (NCCs). It is argued here that HOTs need not occur in the prefrontal cortex although HOT theory demands that conscious states be distributed to some degree. The mereological issue explored in a previous chapter is also revisited, putting more emphasis on the WIV, the brain, and feedback loops. The main issues in this chapter are framed by the question: “How global is the HOT theory?” More precisely, how widely distributed in the brain are conscious states?

Keywords:   neurophysiological research agenda, HOT-Brain Thesis, HOT theory, consciousness, neural correlates of consciousness, NCCs, mereological issue, WIV, feedback loops, conscious states

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