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EmpathyFrom Bench to Bedside$
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Jean Decety

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016612

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016612.001.0001

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How Children Develop Empathy: The Contribution of Developmental Affective Neuroscience

How Children Develop Empathy: The Contribution of Developmental Affective Neuroscience

Chapter:
(p.166) (p.167) 10 How Children Develop Empathy: The Contribution of Developmental Affective Neuroscience
Source:
Empathy
Author(s):

Jean Decety

Kalina J. Michalska

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262016612.003.0010

This chapter focuses on the role of neuroscience in developing empathy in children through analyzing neurological mechanisms. The extension of parental care of the offspring mechanism in social animals leading to evolution of social behaviors is the root of empathy and concern. The chapter explores a model of empathy that indicates the involvement of partially non-overlapping neural circuits, which change with age, and presents studies indicating the ability of infants to recognize facial expressions to show their understanding of emotions, which they use to communicate with others. It discusses the role of cognitive development in influencing the development of empathy in children, along with that of innate physiological mechanisms in influencing early emotion regulation in children.

Keywords:   neuroscience, social animals, social behaviors, neural circuits, facial expressions, emotion regulation

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