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EmpathyFrom Bench to Bedside$
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Jean Decety

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016612

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016612.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2019

Empathy Is Not Always as Personal as You May Think: The Use of Stereotypes in Empathic Accuracy

Empathy Is Not Always as Personal as You May Think: The Use of Stereotypes in Empathic Accuracy

Chapter:
(p.72) (p.73) 5 Empathy Is Not Always as Personal as You May Think: The Use of Stereotypes in Empathic Accuracy
Source:
Empathy
Author(s):

Karyn L. Lewis

Sara D. Hodges

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262016612.003.0005

This chapter, which defines empathic accuracy and the process that helps in achieving it, presents two forms of empathy, including bottom-up and top-down, along with the different skill sets on which these two forms are based. Researchers have suggested that imagination plays an important role in the above forms of empathy. The chapter presents studies according to which intimacy and acquaintanceship increase empathic accuracy following the expansion of a perceiver’s target-schema. It discusses the role of stereotypes in bettering the accuracy of social perceptions that help in facilitating emotions such as understanding and empathy, and also explores the reliance of men and women on stereotypes to understand the thoughts of other people in a group.

Keywords:   empathic accuracy, empathy, imagination, intimacy, acquaintanceship, social perceptions

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