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Animal ThinkingContemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition$
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Randolf Menzel and Julia Fischer

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016636

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.001.0001

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Communication in Social Insects

Communication in Social Insects

Sophisticated Problem Solving by Groups of Tiny-Brained Animals

Chapter:
(p.163) 11 Communication in Social Insects
Source:
Animal Thinking
Author(s):

Christoph Grüter

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0011

Collective intelligence allows groups of individuals to solve problems which otherwise could not be solved by a single individual. Insect workers have tiny brains, but by functioning as part of a self-organized colony, they find sophisticated solutions to vital organizational problems (e.g., finding a suitable new home or exploiting the best food sources in a changing environment). In consensus decision making, unanimity among workers is crucial. In contrast, combined decision making requires that different groups of workers within the colony choose different options. Communication and learning are often fundamental in collective decision making. However, as workers gain experience, communication may lose importance as an information source for workers. How social insects collectively solve problems parallels decision making in other biological systems (e.g., neuronal networks), and investigation into social insect collective decision making has inspired new solutions to optimization problems in areas such as computer sciences and the organization of communication networks.

Keywords:   Strüngmann Forum Reports, social insects, animal communication, collective decision making, collective intelligence, social learning

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