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Animal ThinkingContemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition$
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Randolf Menzel and Julia Fischer

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016636

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.001.0001

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Simple Reactions to Nearby Neighbors and Complex Social Behavior in Primates

Simple Reactions to Nearby Neighbors and Complex Social Behavior in Primates

(p.223) 15 Simple Reactions to Nearby Neighbors and Complex Social Behavior in Primates
Animal Thinking

Charlotte K. Hemelrijk

The MIT Press

Simple behavioral reactions to nearby neighbors may result in great variety of patterns of social interactions, social relationships, and social organization than has been previously assumed. Transitions of micro-rules to macro-patterns in primates (e.g., emergence of patterns of aggression, formation of coalitions, patterns of affiliation, reconciliation, grooming reciprocation) are shown for primates in computer models (DominanceWorld, GroupWorld, GroofiWorld). Although it is generally believed that these behavioral patterns require high cognition, simulations suggest that primates may be less calculative in their daily lives. Simple behavioral reactions and self-organization may suffice to explain their patterns of social behavior. This chapter discusses to what extent complex patterns of social behavior can be generated without resorting to sophisticated cognition and how they may arise through self-organization from spatial interactions among individuals who follow simple behavioral rules.

Keywords:   Strüngmann Forum Reports, social behavior, aggression, grooming, affiliation, reciprocation, reconciliation, social organization

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