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Heredity, Family, and InequalityA Critique of Social Sciences$
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Michael Beenstock

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016926

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016926.001.0001

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Correlation within the Family

Correlation within the Family

(p.46) (p.47) 2 Correlation within the Family
Heredity, Family, and Inequality

Michael Beenstock

The MIT Press

This chapter explores the correlation between the outcomes of parents and children for a wide range of phenomena. It shows that what Francis Galton discovered for the heights of parents and children applies to outcomes related to anthropometrics and morbidity as well as behavior, psychology, and demography (birth weight, fertility, longevity). It also introduces the concept of “beta,” which measures mean reversion in Galton’s sense and is related to the intergenerational correlation coefficient, and discusses sibling correlations for schooling and earnings. The chapter concludes by looking at correlations among parents, children, and siblings for bad habits such as smoking, drinking, and obesity.

Keywords:   parents, children, siblings, outcomes, Francis Galton, anthropometrics, morbidity, psychology, demography, beta

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