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Heredity, Family, and InequalityA Critique of Social Sciences$
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Michael Beenstock

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016926

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016926.001.0001

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Inequality, Diversity, and Family

Inequality, Diversity, and Family

(p.143) 4 Inequality, Diversity, and Family
Heredity, Family, and Inequality

Michael Beenstock

The MIT Press

This chapter examines a variety of theories that attempt to explain intergenerational and sibling correlations and have been developed in several disciplines, including economics, psychology, sociology, and behavioral genetics. More specifically, it addresses the relationship between intergenerational and intragenerational inequality, the dynamics of which are summarized by the relationship between “beta convergence”—related to the concept of absolute mobility—and “sigma convergence”—related to the concept of horizontal inequality. It analyzes the link between horizontal and vertical inequality in terms of the relationship between conditional and unconditional inequality. It also considers the ways in which inequality or diversity may be measured, such as standard deviation and the Gini coefficient.

Keywords:   sociology, behavioral genetics, vertical inequality, beta convergence, absolute mobility, sigma convergence, horizontal inequality, Gini coefficient, diversity, psychology

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