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Heredity, Family, and InequalityA Critique of Social Sciences$
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Michael Beenstock

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780262016926

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262016926.001.0001

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Empirical Knowledge on the Causes of Correlations within the Family

Empirical Knowledge on the Causes of Correlations within the Family

(p.222) (p.223) 6 Empirical Knowledge on the Causes of Correlations within the Family
Heredity, Family, and Inequality

Michael Beenstock

The MIT Press

This chapter reviews empirical evidence about the causal mechanisms underlying the correlation between the outcomes of parents and children and the correlation between the outcomes of siblings. It looks at three types of mechanism that drive these correlations: genetic (heredity accounts for the correlated outcomes of children and parents), behavioral (parental behavior gives rise to intergenerational dependence), and behavioral (parents and children may share environments). It also discusses the effects of neighborhood, parenting, and peer groups on outcomes such as criminal behavior and schooling and considers empirical work in developmental psychology and behavioral genetics. Moreover, the chapter describes intergenerational correlations using a chronological or life-cycle approach.

Keywords:   outcomes, parents, children, siblings, heredity, neighborhood, parenting, peer groups, criminal behavior, schooling

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