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Human Information InteractionAn Ecological Approach to Information Behavior$
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Raya Fidel

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780262017008

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262017008.001.0001

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Two Generations of Research

Two Generations of Research

(p.121) 6 Two Generations of Research
Human Information Interaction

Raya Fidel

The MIT Press

Human information behavior emerged as a scholarly area in the early 1960s and has since undergone several transformations, particularly the transition from the first research generation to the second. Projects in the first generation often concentrated on a defined group of users searching a context-specific system, whereas many projects in the second generation focused on patterns of user behavior. The two generations can be differentiated based on the level of generalizability to which the field aspired and the nature of the expected results. Research initially focused on scientists and engineers and their information-seeking behavior, followed by information needs and uses of the public and catalog use studies. The shift from the first to the second generation of HIB is widely considered a shift from a system-centered to a user-centered view.

Keywords:   research, human information behavior, user behavior, generalizability, results, scientists, engineers, information-seeking behavior, catalog use, information needs

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