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The Ethics of Animal ResearchExploring the Controversy$
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Jeremy R. Garrett

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780262017060

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.001.0001

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Ethical Issues Concerning Transgenic Animals in Biomedical Research

Ethical Issues Concerning Transgenic Animals in Biomedical Research

(p.169) 10 Ethical Issues Concerning Transgenic Animals in Biomedical Research
The Ethics of Animal Research

David B. Resnik

The MIT Press

This chapter explores the scientific objection that we should curtail or stop using animals in research because animal species are often not good models for human physiology, pathology, toxicology, or behavior. It assumes that some types of animal research are permissible. It provides some recommendations for biomedical research. It addresses the three principles of human treatment of animals in research: replacement, reduction, and refinement. This chapter suggests that transgenic animals should experience no more pain or distress when used in research than normal animals experience when used in research.

Keywords:   animal research, animal species, biomedical research, human treatment, replacement, reduction, refinement, transgenic animals

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