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Taking ScopeThe Natural Semantics of Quantifiers$
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Mark Steedman

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780262017077

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262017077.001.0001

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Inverse Scope

Inverse Scope

Chapter:
(p.126) (p.127) Chapter 8 Inverse Scope
Source:
Taking Scope
Author(s):

Mark Steedman

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262017077.003.0008

This chapter discusses inverse scope, focusing on the universal quantifier determiners every and each, and their relatives. It examines how true universal quantifiers invert scope in both right- and left-branching derivations and looks at examples which seem to allow a universal to invert scope over a matrix indefinite from inside that indefinite’s noun modifier. The chapter also explains how inverse-scoping universals support bound-variable anaphora, the phenomenon known as “Frozen” Scope, “intermediate”-scope readings for sentences with more than two quantifiers, asymmetric scope in English embedded universal subjects, and asymmetric scope in German and Dutch. It concludes with a discussion of why nonuniversal quantifiers do not invert.

Keywords:   inverse scope, determiners, universal quantifiers, anaphora, Frozen Scope, asymmetric scope, universal subjects, nonuniversal quantifiers, German, Dutch

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