This chapter describes institutions that play a key role in the success or abandonment of open-source software (OSS) commons. It examines M. Lynne Markus’s views about OSS institutions, analyzes both formal and informal institutions in the context of the Institutional Analysis and Development framework, discusses the institutional design of a particular OSS project, and compares institutional designs across OSS cases. The chapter concludes by focusing on the Debian Linux project, and by discussing some institutional considerations regarding sponsors and nonprofit organizations that support OSS projects.
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