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Lexical AnalysisNorms and Exploitations$
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Patrick Hanks

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262018579

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262018579.001.0001

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Words and Meanings: The Need for a New Approch

Words and Meanings: The Need for a New Approch

(p.1) Chapter 1 Words and Meanings: The Need for a New Approch
Lexical Analysis

Patrick Hanks

The MIT Press

This book offers an empirical analysis of word meaning and word use in language, with an emphasis on the lexicon, and argues that anyone (or any machine) acquiring a natural language needs to be competent in not one, but two, interlinked systems of rule-governed behavior. It illustrates how people make comparisons when using language to describe new situations and unfamiliar phenomena and discusses the theory of norms and exploitations, semantic types and their arrangement into hierarchical conceptual ontologies, and patterns of collocations and syntactic dependencies. In addition, the book outlines a lexically based approach to linguistic theory.

Keywords:   word meaning, word use, lexicon, natural language, theory of norms, ontologies, collocations, syntactic dependencies, language, linguistic theory

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