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Lexical AnalysisNorms and Exploitations$
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Patrick Hanks

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262018579

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262018579.001.0001

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Contextual Dependency and Lexical Sets

Contextual Dependency and Lexical Sets

(p.113) Chapter 5 Contextual Dependency and Lexical Sets
Lexical Analysis

Patrick Hanks

The MIT Press

This chapter examines the semantics of each word in a language in relation to the totality of its complementation patterns and discusses normal complementation patterns in terms of valencies and lexical sets, along with the semantics of verbs and the preferences of nouns for particular sets of verbs and adjectives. It considers word meaning potentials using an approach known as triangulation, which looks at the correlation between two or more lexical sets in different clause roles, and the relevance of axiological polarities or “semantic prosody” in discriminating meanings. In addition, the chapter analyzes the verb urge, presuppositions and implications, default interpretations based on context, and projecting meaning potentials onto syntax.

Keywords:   semantics, complementation, verbs, lexical sets, meaning potentials, axiological polarities, semantic prosody, context, syntax, word meaning

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