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Lexical AnalysisNorms and Exploitations$
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Patrick Hanks

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262018579

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262018579.001.0001

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(p.211) Chapter 8 Exploitations
Lexical Analysis

Patrick Hanks

The MIT Press

This chapter focuses on the notion of exploitation, a dynamic mechanism of language that generates new meanings ad hoc and expresses old things in new ways. Exploitation is a source of secondary norms, accounting for the origin of new senses and the relationship between the literal meaning of a word and rhetorical or imaginative uses. The chapter presents examples of exploitations in relation to word meaning and proposes a tentative typology of exploitations, including anomalous collocations, ellipsis, creative linguistic metaphors and similes, and some other figures of speech.

Keywords:   exploitations, language, norms, word meaning, anomalous collocations, ellipsis, metaphors, similes, figures of speech

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