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A Syntax of Substance$
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David Adger

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780262018616

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262018616.001.0001

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(p.167) Chapter 7 Conclusion
A Syntax of Substance

David Adger

The MIT Press

This book has argued that labeling of syntactic structures is exocentric, whereby Merge builds structure whose labels are given by independently specified sequences of categories, on the basis of which approach, functional heads can be discarded while functional structure stays and is telescoped, as in Brody’s Mirror Theory. It has discussed the theoretical advantages of this system over a Bare Phrase Structure-type system, including the ability to simplify Merge and to provide a unified algorithm for labeling even when the number of stipulations in the system is not increased. The book has also shown that this system prevents lexical roots from Merging with complements and does not allow roll-up structures to be generated. In addition, it has suggested that relational nominals should be analyzed as semantically non-relational specifiers of some light root which names the function or relation denoted by the labeled structure containing it.

Keywords:   Bare Phrase Structure, labeling, syntactic structures, Merge, complements, relational nominals, specifiers, Brody’s Mirror Theory, lexical roots, labels

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