This book has argued that labeling of syntactic structures is exocentric, whereby Merge builds structure whose labels are given by independently specified sequences of categories, on the basis of which approach, functional heads can be discarded while functional structure stays and is telescoped, as in Brody’s Mirror Theory. It has discussed the theoretical advantages of this system over a Bare Phrase Structure-type system, including the ability to simplify Merge and to provide a unified algorithm for labeling even when the number of stipulations in the system is not increased. The book has also shown that this system prevents lexical roots from Merging with complements and does not allow roll-up structures to be generated. In addition, it has suggested that relational nominals should be analyzed as semantically non-relational specifiers of some light root which names the function or relation denoted by the labeled structure containing it.
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