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Space to ReasonA Spatial Theory of Human Thought$
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Markus Knauff

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262018654

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262018654.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Reasoning and the Brain

Reasoning and the Brain

(p.75) 5 Reasoning and the Brain
Space to Reason

Markus Knauff

The MIT Press

This chapter presents studies investigating how the human brain processes visual and spatial information during reasoning by using the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique. It provides and discusses evidence from these brain imaging studies which shows that the parietal cortex plays an important role in the understanding of human reasoning, which is based on spatial representations and processes. The chapter emphasizes that visual brain areas are involved in the process of reasoning if the problem information is easy to visualize, and aims to resolve the inconsistencies and to develop the basis for a neurally and cognitively plausible theory of human relational reasoning. It concludes that reasoning is a non-linguistic process that involves more abstract spatial representations held in parietal cortex, which are important for the genuine reasoning process.

Keywords:   human brain, fMRI, brain imaging studies, parietal cortex, reasoning

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