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Space to ReasonA Spatial Theory of Human Thought$
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Markus Knauff

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262018654

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262018654.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

The Core Theory in a Computer Program

The Core Theory in a Computer Program

(p.133) 7 The Core Theory in a Computer Program
Space to Reason

Markus Knauff

The MIT Press

In this chapter the author compares two specific computational models of human reasoning with preferred layout models, one based on visual images and the other on abstract spatial representations. This benchmark test concludes that the image-based simulation is likely to have relevance for the occurrence of visual images during premise processing, but the spatial account explains the computational processes underlying human reasoning in a better and comprehensive way. The chapter also discusses the PRISM model (preferred inferences in reasoning with spatial mental models), which simulates all three phases of an inference in a comprehensive way and maps spatial working memory to a symbolic spatial array. The PRISM model is also helpful in predicting which spatial layout model is preferably constructed.

Keywords:   human reasoning, computational models, visual images, PRISM model, spatial working memory

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