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Space to ReasonA Spatial Theory of Human Thought$
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Markus Knauff

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262018654

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262018654.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Explaining the Myth of Thinking in Pictures

Explaining the Myth of Thinking in Pictures

(p.176) (p.177) 8 Explaining the Myth of Thinking in Pictures
Space to Reason

Markus Knauff

The MIT Press

This chapter discusses the interaction of visual images and spatial layout models in reasoning and shows how these two are affected by each other. It takes a network view of the neural basis of human reasoning and states that the spatial layout models and visual images are involved in solving a logical reasoning problem. The three steps of the reasoning process are premise processing and image construction, premise integration or image transformation, and spatial layout model processing. The chapter also emphasizes that the actual logical work in solving logical reasoning problems is performed by reasoning-specific operations on abstract spatial layout models, and that the visual images are present only in the foreground of conscious experience. It concludes that this account is incomplete and calls for future research so that the myth of thinking in pictures can be explained.

Keywords:   visual images, spatial layout models, reasoning, image construction, image transformation

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