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Functional Connections of Cortical AreasA New View from the Thalamus$
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S. Murray Sherman and Rainer W. Guillery

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262019309

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262019309.001.0001

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Cell and Synaptic Properties

Cell and Synaptic Properties

(p.17) 2 Cell and Synaptic Properties
Functional Connections of Cortical Areas

S. Murray Sherman

R. W. Guillery

The MIT Press

This chapter looks at thalamic cells and concludes that is important to understand how a neuron's cellular properties—or more specifically, the passive and active properties of its dendritic (and somatic) membranes—affect its responses to synaptic input. Indeed, the interplay between a relay cell's cellular properties and the nature of its synaptic inputs is at the heart of understanding the functioning of thalamic relays. The same points as noted for thalamic neurons apply to cortical cells, with the added note that cortical circuitry is much more complex than thalamic circuitry, and the responses of cortical cells to synaptic inputs are even more dominated by active membrane properties than is the case for their thalamic counterparts.

Keywords:   thalamic cells, neuron, cellular properties, membrane, relay cell, cortical circuitry, synaptic inputs

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