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Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition$
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Linnda R. Caporael, James R. Griesemer, and William C. Wimsatt

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262019552

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262019552.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Biocultural Coconstruction of Brain Plasticity across the Life Span

Biocultural Coconstruction of Brain Plasticity across the Life Span

From Cognitive Training to Neurotransmitters

(p.327) 15 Biocultural Coconstruction of Brain Plasticity across the Life Span
Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

Shu-Chen Li

The MIT Press

Chapter 15 focuses on the emerging trend of interdisciplinary research that aims at exploring the effects of socio-culturally contextualized experiences and learning on human brain functioning. An integration of multiple levels of empirical evidence indicates that brain processes are dynamic and plastic and could be scaffolded by learning and other socio-culturally contextualized experiences. Two classes of empirical evidence are reviewed to highlight brain plasticity with respect to sensorimotor and memory process. The functions of the brain’s sensory and motor cortices adapt to environmental inputs and professional skill acquisition; so are brain networks implicating memory functions shapeable by mnemonic trainings. Using memory plasticity as an illustration, multiple levels of evidence will be integrated to track the scaffolding effects of culturally derived mnemonic training on (i) memory performance, (ii) brain functional circuitries supporting memory functions, and (iii) the neurotransmitter systems that modulate these brain networks.

Keywords:   Lifespan Development, Brain Plasticity, Neuromodulation, Cognitive Training, Dopamine

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