Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Linnda R. Caporael, James R. Griesemer, and William C. Wimsatt

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262019552

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262019552.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Footholds and Handholds

Footholds and Handholds

Scaffolding Cognition and Career

(p.343) 16 Footholds and Handholds
Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

Barbara Horberg Wimsatt

The MIT Press

Cognition is both developmentally and socially scaffolded. I focus on the social aspects of cognition, whose development occurs through a dynamic coordination and integration by individuals of social resources afforded or sought by them over time. In the often open-ended development of expertise, we see vital handholds, or encouragement by mentors and significant others, and footholds or foundational steps such as crucial decisions, commitment to a training program, access to salient information or other key resources. I consider the early scientific careers of Craig Venter and Charles Darwin, and the many ways in which they were scaffolded both emotively and cognitively. For Darwin, I focus mostly on the development of his theory through multifarious social interactions. This also shows the intertwining of career and intellectual development. Other cases I discuss of medical trainees suggest that that factors such as gender may affect availability of career resources.

Keywords:   Social cognition, Handholds, Footholds, Expertise, Scaffolding, Problem-solving trajectory

MIT Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.