Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Neuroscience of Creativity$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Oshin Vartanian, Adam S. Bristol, and James C. Kaufman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262019583

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

There Is Room for Conditioning in the Creative Process: Associative Learning and the Control of Behavioral Variability

There Is Room for Conditioning in the Creative Process: Associative Learning and the Control of Behavioral Variability

Chapter:
(p.45) 3 There Is Room for Conditioning in the Creative Process: Associative Learning and the Control of Behavioral Variability
Source:
Neuroscience of Creativity
Author(s):

W. David Stahlman

Kenneth J. Leising

Dennis Garlick

Aaron P. Blaisdell

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0003

Variation in behaviour is an essential ingredient and necessary precondition for creativity. This chapter explores the role of associative learning processes in the generation of behavioural variability. Behavioural variability can be explicitly selected through reinforcement. Importantly, operant variability appears to reflect instrumental control of a stochastic process, rather than the dynamics of a memory process. Furthermore, variation in behaviour spontaneously increases as the expectation of reinforcement decreases. Expectation-induced variability is functionally relevant for generating novel solutions, and is linked to the unusually high creative output found in patients suffering from mood disorders, such as depression and bipolar disorder. Basal ganglia pathways in vertebrates appear to be centrally involved in modulating the trade-off between variability versus stereotypy in behaviour.

Keywords:   Variation, Variability, Learning, Reinforcement, Animal learning, Expectation, Basal ganglia

MIT Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.