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Lessons from the Economics of CrimeWhat Reduces Offending?$
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Philip J. Cook, Stephen Machin, Olivier Marie, and Giovanni Mastrobuoni

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262019613

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262019613.001.0001

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Crime and Immigration: What Do We Know?

Crime and Immigration: What Do We Know?

7 Crime and Immigration: What Do We Know?
Lessons from the Economics of Crime

Brian Bell

Stephen Machin

The MIT Press

Whilst there is little evidence in the economics literature of an impact of total immigration on crime, the small body of work that identifies a causal impact of immigration tends to emphasise the labour market attachment and opportunities of different immigrant groups. Where attachment is low (e.g. asylum seekers in the UK) or labour market opportunities are poor (e.g. low wage migrants in the US), an impact on property crime can be detected. It is hard to find evidence of any connection with violent crime. Moreover, crime victimization seems to be, if anything, lower for immigrants.

Keywords:   Immigration, Crime, Legal status, Victimization, Imprisonment

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