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SchizophreniaEvolution and Synthesis$
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Steven M. Silverstein, Bita Moghaddam, and Til Wykes

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262019620

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.001.0001

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Insights into New Treatments for Early Psychosis from Genetic, Neurodevelopment, and Cognitive Neuroscience Research

Insights into New Treatments for Early Psychosis from Genetic, Neurodevelopment, and Cognitive Neuroscience Research

Chapter:
(p.101) 7 Insights into New Treatments for Early Psychosis from Genetic, Neurodevelopment, and Cognitive Neuroscience Research
Source:
Schizophrenia
Author(s):

Kristin S. Cadenhead

Camilo de la Fuente-Sandoval

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262019620.003.0007

Genetic and epidemiological studies have begun to identify specific “vulnerability” genes and environmental risk factors that, together, may contribute to neurodevelopmental abnormalities and the emergence of psychosis. Neuroimaging and electrophysiological studies also demonstrate altered developmental trajectories and evidence of compensatory changes, which perhaps reflects a period of neurotoxicity coinciding with emerging psychosis. These occur at a time of increased brain plasticity. There is therefore an opportunity to provide interventions that may disrupt the neuropathological processes and remediate cognitive and functional deficits to alter the progressive trajectory of the illness. Adequately powered clinical trials that utilize information gained from biomarker studies are now needed to determine the most effective individualized interventions. A synergistic treatment approach that offers precision pharmacologic intervention combined with remediation techniques is likely to have the greatest impact during the early course of illness. Published in the Strungmann Forum Reports Series.

Keywords:   Biomarker, Early psychosis, Genes, Neuroimaging, Electrophysiology, Cognitive remediation, Precision pharmacology, Schizophrenia

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