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Cultural EvolutionSociety, Technology, Language, and Religion$
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Peter J. Richerson and Morton H. Christiansen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780262019750

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 03 August 2021

Human Cooperation among Kin and Close Associates May Require Enforcement of Norms by Third Parties

Human Cooperation among Kin and Close Associates May Require Enforcement of Norms by Third Parties

Chapter:
(p.45) 3 Human Cooperation among Kin and Close Associates May Require Enforcement of Norms by Third Parties
Source:
Cultural Evolution
Author(s):

Sarah Mathew

Robert Boyd

Matthijs Van Veelen

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0003

While our capacity for large-scale cooperation is striking, humans also cooperate with kin and close associates much more than most other vertebrates. Existing theories do not satisfactorily explain this difference. Moreover, mechanisms posited for explaining large-scale human cooperation, like norms, third-party judgments and sanctions, also seem to be essential in regulating interactions among kin and close associates. It is hypothesized that norms and third-party judgments are crucial even for small-scale cooperation, and that kin selection and direct reciprocity alone cannot generate the degree of small-scale cooperation needed to sustain the human life history. Published in the Strungmann Forum Reports Series.

Keywords:   small-scale cooperation, human cooperation, norms, third-party judgments, sanctions

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