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EmergenceContemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science$
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Mark A. Bedau and Paul Humphreys

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262026215

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.001.0001

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The Nonreductivist’s Troubles with Mental Causation

The Nonreductivist’s Troubles with Mental Causation

(p.427) 24 The Nonreductivist’s Troubles with Mental Causation

Jaegwon Kim

The MIT Press

This chapter describes the theory of a bifurcated world that consists of two metaphysically independent spheres existing side by side. Associated with each domain is a distinct family of properties, mental properties for one and physical properties for the other, in terms of which the particulars within that domain can be exhaustively characterized. Many substantival dualists, including Descartes, have held that, in spite of their separateness and independence, the domains are causally connected. In other words, mental events can be, and sometimes are, causes and effects of physical events; also, changes in the mind can be causes or effects of changes in the body, which suggests that events of both kinds can occur as links in the same causal chain.

Keywords:   bifurcated world, mental properties, physical properties, substantival dualists, Descartes, causal chain

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