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EmergenceContemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science$
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Mark A. Bedau and Paul Humphreys

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262026215

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.001.0001

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Emergence and Supervenience

Emergence and Supervenience

(p.81) 4 Emergence and Supervenience

Brian P. McLaughlin

The MIT Press

This chapter presents a short history of the modern emergentist tradition. It begins with John Stuart Mill’s System of Logic (1843), and traces through Alexander Bain’s Logic (1870), George Henry Lewes’s Problems of Life and Mind (1875), Samuel Alexander’s two-volume Space, Time, and Deity (1920), Lloyd Morgan’s Emergent Evolution (1923), and C. D. Broad’s The Mind and Its Place in Nature (1925). Presented together with these works are some twentieth-century results, both philosophical and scientific, that bear on the conclusions drawn by members of that tradition. James van Cleve’s definition of the notion of an emergent property by appeal to supervenience is also explained in detail, before an attempt by the author to present his own definition of the same.

Keywords:   emergentist tradition, supervenience, John Stuart Mill, Alexander Bain, George Henry Lewes, Samuel Alexander, Lloyd Morgan, C. D. Broad, James van Cleve

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