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Confronting the Coffee CrisisFair Trade, Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America$
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Christopher M Bacon, V. Ernesto Mendez, Stephen R Gliessman, David Goodman, and Jonathan A Fox

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262026338

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262026338.001.0001

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Organic and Social Certifications: Recent Developments from the Global Regulators

Organic and Social Certifications: Recent Developments from the Global Regulators

(p.289) 12 Organic and Social Certifications: Recent Developments from the Global Regulators
Confronting the Coffee Crisis

Sasha Courville

The MIT Press

This chapter traces the changes in the organic and social certification regulations involving coffee production. The role of certification organizations such as the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), along with its basic standards in developing the organic coffee movement, are discussed in detail. The chapter examines the certification systems of sustainable initiatives in the coffee sector, along with their standards, operational scope, and organizational structures. It discusses the emergence of sustainability initiatives and their implications for private global regulators, as well as the increasing role of government in regulating and monitoring the organic certification for maintaining credibility of the product for consumers. The chapter presents solutions to the challenges private regulators face, including certification systems for consumers based on the multiple-stakeholder platform and methods for cost reduction and increasing accessibility.

Keywords:   organic certification, social certification, IFOAM, sustainability initiatives, private regulators

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