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Confronting the Coffee CrisisFair Trade, Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America$
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Christopher M Bacon, V. Ernesto Mendez, Stephen R Gliessman, David Goodman, and Jonathan A Fox

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262026338

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262026338.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 26 May 2022

Agroecological Foundations for Designing Sustainable Coffee Agroecosystems

Agroecological Foundations for Designing Sustainable Coffee Agroecosystems

(p.27) 2 Agroecological Foundations for Designing Sustainable Coffee Agroecosystems
Confronting the Coffee Crisis

Stephen R. Gliessman

The MIT Press

This chapter posits the importance of an agroecological perspective for developing suitable conditions in achieving sustainable coffee agroecosystems. Natural and traditional ecosystems are discussed to show the sustainability of the coffee agroecosystem. The traditional coffee systems in Mexico and Central America, used as possible starting points for conversion to a sustainable agroecosystem, are discussed. Natural ecosystems are compared with traditional, conventional, and sustainable coffee agroecosystems on an emergent ecological properties basis, including the diversity of species and productivity. The importance of integrating economic, social, and political processes with sustainable coffee agroecosystems to reduce synthetic inputs and maintain an affective evaluation of agroecosystems is also discussed.

Keywords:   coffee agroecosystem, natural ecosystem, traditional ecosystem, sustainable ecosystem, coffee production, agroecosystem sustainability

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