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Confronting the Coffee CrisisFair Trade, Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America$
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Christopher M Bacon, V. Ernesto Mendez, Stephen R Gliessman, David Goodman, and Jonathan A Fox

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262026338

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262026338.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 27 February 2021

Farmers’ Livelihoods and Biodiversity Conservation in a Coffee Landscape of El Salvador

Farmers’ Livelihoods and Biodiversity Conservation in a Coffee Landscape of El Salvador

Chapter:
(p.207) 9 Farmers’ Livelihoods and Biodiversity Conservation in a Coffee Landscape of El Salvador
Source:
Confronting the Coffee Crisis
Author(s):

V. Ernesto Méndez

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262026338.003.0009

This chapter examines the coffee crisis between agriculture, rural development, and biodiversity conservation in El Salvador with the aim of understanding the association between biodiversity friendly coffee plantation management and socio-ecological relationships. It documents household survey research which reveals that shade trees are an alternative income source for cooperatives, and highlights the importance of integrating family livelihood strategies with shade trees. Three cooperatives with similar biophysical characteristics but different land holdings and management strategies are employed to show how different characteristics of the cooperatives affect the benefits they reap from the cultivation of shade trees.

Keywords:   coffee crisis, rural development, biodiversity conservation, agriculture, coffee cooperatives, shade trees

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