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Democracy as Problem SolvingCivic Capacity in Communities Across the Globe$
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Xavier de Souza Briggs

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262026413

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262026413.001.0001

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The Grassroots-to-Grasstops Dynamic: Slum Redevelopment and Accountability in Mumbai

The Grassroots-to-Grasstops Dynamic: Slum Redevelopment and Accountability in Mumbai

(p.89) 5 The Grassroots-to-Grasstops Dynamic: Slum Redevelopment and Accountability in Mumbai
Democracy as Problem Solving

Souza Briggs

The MIT Press

This chapter discusses how, by engaging in continuous learning and institutional innovation, public, private, and nongovernmental players have contributed to civic capacity-building to act on the huge task of slum redevelopment and resettlement in Mumbai, India. The rural bias and lack of authority for city governments in India after independence contributed to slum-led urban growth and several other civic challenges in the country. The role of the Railway Slum Dwellers Federation and the Society for the Promotion of Area Resource Centers, an intermediary that played multiple roles in building civic capacity, is also discussed. Accountable relationships between the interest groups, elected, selected, or appointed agents and a focused strategy help in controlling and eliminating corruption and other forms of opportunistic behavior.

Keywords:   slum redevelopment, institutional innovation, civic capacity, nongovernmental organizations

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