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The Economics of ConflictTheory and Empirical Evidence$
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Karl Wärneryd

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262026895

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262026895.001.0001

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Social Preferences of Ex-Combatants

Social Preferences of Ex-Combatants

Survey and Experimental Evidence from Postwar Tajikistan

(p.231) 9 Social Preferences of Ex-Combatants
The Economics of Conflict

Alessandra Cassar

Pauline Grosjean

Sam Whitt

The MIT Press

This chapter examines the relationship between violence and pro-social behavior using unique game-behavioral and survey evidence collected in postwar Tajikistan. It shows that ex-combatants exhibit much less trust toward, and willingness to cooperate with, anonymous strangers compared to non-combatants. Thus, while violence reinforces social cohesion and cooperation along kinship and network lines, it also undermines them along other dimensions that are critical for institution building and market development, such as generalized trust and sense of fairness toward anonymous others.

Keywords:   social behavior, pro-social behavior, violence, conflict participation, trust, social cohesion, cooperation

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