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Engineers and the Making of the Francoist Regime$
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Lino Camprubí

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027175

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027175.001.0001

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Laboratories and Churches: Science, Industry, and National Catholicism

Laboratories and Churches: Science, Industry, and National Catholicism

(p.41) 3 Laboratories and Churches: Science, Industry, and National Catholicism
Engineers and the Making of the Francoist Regime

Lino Camprubí

The MIT Press

The chapter begins with a group of young and promising scientists and architects who accompanied the founder of Opus Dei, Escrivá de Balaguer, as he fled from Madrid in 1937. At the end of the Civil War, members of this group became central organizers of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). The chapter traces the material and ideological relationships established between laboratories and churches in early Francoism. Through the concept of “Christian autarky,” it shows that National Catholicism and technical research nourished each other in ways that have too often been ignored. It explores the religious architecture of Miguel Fisac as a motor of change for the Spanish church. Finally, it analyzes internal colonization through rural cities as a tool for transforming landscapes and peoples.

Keywords:   Opus Dei, José María Albareda, CSIC, National Catholicism, Church, Christian autarky, Internal colonization, Miguel Fisac, Plan Badajoz, Architecture

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