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The Politics of Adoption: Gender and the Making of French Citizenship$
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Bruno Perreau

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027229

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027229.001.0001

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The Legislative Arena

The Legislative Arena

(p.17) 2 The Legislative Arena
The Politics of Adoption: Gender and the Making of French Citizenship

Bruno Perreau

Deke Dusinberre

The MIT Press

Chapter two covers French parliamentary debate since 1945, demonstrating the great consistency of issues despite sweeping institutional changes, whether they concern the situation of single mothers, the adoption of children into families with existing legitimate children, the methods for monitoring adoption applicants, and so on. The only issues that have arisen more recently on the political scene, in the 1980s and ‘90s, are intercountry adoption and the nature of the difference between the sexes. This chapter shows that intercountry adoptions never became the object of intense controversy because they were swiftly defined by international treaties as constituting subsidiary kinship in the absence of other solutions in the children’s home countries. In contrast, the issue of the difference between the sexes within a parenting couple sparked a lively polemic, one that has not totally vanished with the legalization of gay marriage and joint adoption by homosexual couples in May 2013.

Keywords:   Parliament, Policy-making, Single mothers, Full adoption, Natural children, International adoption, Bioethics committees, Assisted Procreation, Surrogacy, Civil unions, Gay marriage

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