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Classical NEG RaisingAn Essay on the Syntax of Negation$
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Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027311

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.001.0001

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Horn Clauses: Negative Inversion

Horn Clauses: Negative Inversion

(p.133) 14 Horn Clauses: Negative Inversion
Classical NEG Raising

Chris Collins

Paul M. Postal

The MIT Press

This chapter examines Horn clauses in relation to Negative Inversion. It first considers the properties of the Negative Inversion focus and the Negative Inversion Condition (first and second versions), along with various difficulties for the latter condition. In the sentences A human can know a finite number of primes and A finite number of primes can a human know, a finite number is decreasing in the first case, but the second is still ungrammatical. The chapter also considers a range of expressions with decreasing semantic values for which speakers differ with respect to whether Negative Inversion can be triggered, including cases of decreasing expressions that do not systematically form legitimate Negative Inversion foci but involve the numeral zero, which forms decreasing (in fact, antiadditive) determiner phrases. Finally, it discusses the Negative Inversion Condition (third and fourth versions), the relevance of scope to Negative Inversion, and the implications of quasi-Horn clauses for the Horn clause argument concerning the syntactic nature of Classical NEG Raising (NR).

Keywords:   determiner phrases, Horn clauses, Negative Inversion, Negative Inversion focus, Negative Inversion Condition, quasi-Horn clauses, Classical NEG Raising

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