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Classical NEG RaisingAn Essay on the Syntax of Negation$
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Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027311

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.001.0001

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The Syntactic Representation of Scope

The Syntactic Representation of Scope

(p.13) 2 The Syntactic Representation of Scope
Classical NEG Raising

Chris Collins

Paul M. Postal

The MIT Press

This chapter discusses the representation of quantifier scope and its general assumptions. It takes the scope of quantifiers to be represented syntactically by the presence of determiner phrase (DP) in clausal scope positions. It outlines representations whose key feature is that relative semantic scope is represented by relative height in syntactic structures. Since the relations between multiple DPs in scope positions are hierarchically represented, the fact that some quantifier DPs in a clause scope over others falls out from the representation. The chapter also considers the assumption that there are principles relating syntactic scope to the corresponding semantics, along with evidence for the syntactic reality of syntactic scope positions directly related to negation. Finally, it discusses support for the syntactic representation of quantifier scope from neither expressions, negative parentheticals, appended phrases such as I guess not, and confirmation tags.

Keywords:   quantifier scope, quantifiers, determiner phrase, clause scope, syntactic scope, semantics, negation, neither expressions, negative parentheticals, confirmation tags

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